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Perennial Plant List icon Perennial Plant List
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Technically, a perennial is any plant that normally lives 3 or more years. Most gardeners, and we at Floridata, think of perennials as herbaceous (as opposed to woody) plants that may or may not die back to the ground in winter. Perennials are often mixed in beds and borders to achieve a more natural look than a formal flowerbed of annuals. Many, especially those that don't die back in winter, are grown in containers.

Scientific Name Common Name(s)
Acanthus mollis bear's breeches
Achillea filipendulina fern leaf yarrow
Achillea millefolium common yarrow
Aechmea distichantha Brazilian vaseplant
Agapanthus spp. lily-of-the-Nile
Agave americana agave
Ajuga reptans carpet bugleweed
Alcea rosea hollyhock
Allium ampeloprasum, Porrum Group leeks
Allium fistulosum scallion
Allium giganteum giant onion
Allium sativum garlic
Allium schoenoprasum chive
Allium tuberosum garlic chives
Alocasia macrorrhiza giant taro
Aloe ferox Cape aloe
Aloe saponaria soap aloe
Aloe vera medicinal aloe
Alpinia zerumbet variegated shell ginger
Alstroemeria psittacina parrotlily
Ananas comosus pineapple
Andropogon gerardii big bluestem
Angelica archangelica angelica
Angelonia angustifolia angelonia
Antirrhinum majus common snapdragon
Aquilegia canadensis wild columbine
Aristea ecklonii blue flies
Aristolochia elegans Calico flower
Artemisia absinthium absinthe
Artemisia X 'Powis Castle' Powis Castle artemisia
Arundo donax giant reed
Asclepias curassavica scarlet milkweed
Asclepias syriaca common milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa butterfly weed
Asparagus officinalis asparagus
Aspidistra elatior iron plant
Asplenium nidus bird's nest fern
Aster tataricus Tatarian aster
Aster x frikartii Frikart's aster
Baptisia alba white wild indigo
Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum wax begonia
Begonia x tuberhybrida tuberous begonia
Bidens alba shepherd's needles
Bignonia capreolata cross vine
Billbergia nutans queen’s tears; friendship plant
Bracteantha bracteata strawflower
Brassica oleracea var. acephala kale
Brugmansia suaveolens angel trumpet
Caesalpinia pulcherrima peacock flower
Caladium bicolor caladium
Canna flaccida Golden canna
Canna indica Indian shot
Canna X generalis canna
Capsicum spp. pepper
Carex appalachica Appalachian sedge
Carex oshimensis Oshima sedge
Carex pendula drooping sedge
Catharanthus roseus Madagascar periwinkle
Centaurea montana mountain bluet
Centella asiatica gotu kola
Ceratostigma plumbaginoides false plumbago
Chasmanthium latifolium Indian wood-oats
Chlorophytum comosum spider plant
chrysanthemum hybrids chrysanthemum
Cichorum intybus chicory
Clematis armandii Armand's clematis
Clematis hybrids Jackman clematis
Clematis terniflora sweet autumn clematis
Clerodendrum indicum tubeflower
Clerodendrum paniculatum pagoda flower
Clerodendrum thomsoniae bleeding heart
Clerodendrum ugandense blue butterfly bush
Colchicum autumnale autumn crocus
Coleus x hybridus Flame Nettle
Colocasia esculenta taro
Conoclinium coelestinum mistflower
Convallaria majalis lily-of-the-valley
Cordyline fruticosa ti plant
Coreopsis verticillata whorled coreopsis
Coreopsis grandiflora coreopsis
Coreopsis lanceolata lanceleaf tickseed
Coronilla varia crown vetch
Cortaderia selloana pampas grass
Cosmos atrosanguineus chocolate cosmos
Costus speciosus crepe ginger
Crinum asiaticum grand crinum lily
Crinum X powellii Cape lily
Crocosmia X crocosmiiflora montbretia
Crocus spp. crocus
Cuphea hyssopifolia Mexican false heather
Cuphea ignea cigar plant
Cuphea micropetala tall cigar plant
Cycas circinalis queen sago
Cycas revoluta king sago
Cyclamen persicum Cyclamen persicum
Cymbopogon citratus lemongrass
Cymbopogon nardus citronella grass
Cyperus involucratus umbrella sedge
Cyperus papyrus papyrus
Cyrtomium falcatum holly fern
Dahlia spp. dahlia
Datura inoxia var. quinquecuspida devil's trumpet
Dicentra spectabilis bleeding heart
Dietes iridioides African iris
Digitalis purpurea foxglove
Dionaea muscipula Venus flytrap
Dolichos lablab hyacinth bean
Echinacea purpurea purple coneflower
Echinops ritro small globe thistle
Elettaria cardamomum cardamom
Ensete ventricosum Abyssinian banana
Epipremnum aureum pothos
Equisetum hyemale horsetail
Eranthis hyemalis winter aconite
Erythrina herbacea coral bean
Erythronium spp. dimpled trout lily
Eupatorium fistulosum Joe Pye weed
Euphorbia characias Mediterranean spurge
Euphorbia myrsinites myrtle spurge
Euphorbia pulcherrima poinsettia
Evolvulus glomeratus blue daze
Farfugium japonicum leopard plant
Fragaria X ananassa strawberry
Gaillardia pulchella blanket flower
Galanthus nivalis common snowdrop
Gamolepis chrysanthemoides African bush-daisy
Gaura lindheimeri whirling butterflies
Gerbera Jamesonii Gerber daisy
Gladiolus spp. gladiolus
Glandularia puchella moss verbena
Globba winitii dancing ladies ginger
Gloriosa superba glory lily
Gossypium spp. cotton
Hamelia patens firebush
Hedychium coronarium ginger lily
Helianthus angustifolius narrow-leaved sunflower
Helianthus debilis beach sunflower
Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem artichoke
Heliopsis helianthoides oxeye sunflower
Heliotropium arboresecens common heliotrope
Helleborus orientalis lenten rose
Hemerocallis fulva orange daylily
Hemerocallis hybrids daylily
Heuchera sanguinea coral bells
Hibiscus coccineus scarlet hibiscus
Hibiscus grandiflorus giant rose mallow
Hibiscus laevis halberdleaf marshmallow
Hibiscus moscheutos swamp mallow
Hippeastrum hybrids amaryllis
Hosta spp. hosta
Houttuynia cordata houttuynia
Hoya carnosa wax plant
Hyacinthus orientalis hyacinth
Hypericum calycinum Aaron's beard
Hypericum perforatum St. John's wort
Impatiens wallerana impatiens
Imperata cylindrica Japanese blood grass
Ipomoea alba moonflower vine
Ipomoea pes-caprae railroad vine
Iris germanica bearded iris
Iris Louisiana hybrids Louisiana iris
Iris pseudacorus yellow flag
Juncus effusus soft rush
Justicia spp. jacobinia
Kaempferia laotica peacock ginger
Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi South American air plant
Lavandula angustifolia English lavender
Leonotus leonurus lion's ear
Leucanthemum X superbum shasta daisy
Leucojum aestivum summer snowflake
Liatris spicata dense gayfeather
Lilium formosanum Formosa lily
Lilium hybrids garden lily
Liriope muscari liriope
Lobelia cardinalis cardinal flower
Lobelia erinus edging lobelia
Lobularia maritima sweet alyssum
Lychnis coronaria rose campion
Lycopersicon lycopersicum tomato
Lycoris radiata hurricane lily
Lycoris squamigera surprise lily
Lygodium spp. climbing fern
Lythrum salicaria purple loosestrife
Malvaviscus penduliflorus Turk's cap
Manihot esculenta cassava
Melissa officinalis lemon balm
Mentha X piperita peppermint
Mirabilis jalapa four o' clock
Miscanthus sinensis Japanese silver grass
Mitchella repens partridge berry
Monarda didyma beebalm
Monarda punctata spotted horsemint
Monstera deliciosa windowleaf
Muhlenbergia capillaris Gulf muhlygrass
Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Lindheimer's muhlygrass
Musa x paradisiaca banana
Muscari spp. grape hyacinth
Narcissus spp. daffodil
Nassella tenuissima Mexican feather grass
Nelumbo lutea American lotus
Neoregelia cruenta bloody bromeliad
Nephrolepis exaltata sword fern
Nicotiana tabacum tobacco
Nymphaea odorata alligator bonnet
Odontonema strictum firespike
Oenothera speciosa pink evening primrose
Oenothera fruticosa sundrops
Ophiopogon japonicus mondo grass
Opuntia humifusa hardy prickly pear
Origanum majorana sweet marjoram
Origanum vulgare oregano
Orontium aquaticum golden club
Osmunda cinnamomea cinnamon fern
Osmunda regalis royal fern
Oxalis latifolia broadleaf woodsorrel
Pachysandra procumbens Allegheny spurge
Pachysandra terminalis Japanese spurge; pachysandra
Pachystachys lutea lollipop plant
Paeonia lactiflora Chinese peony
Panicum virgatum switchgrass
Papaver nudicaule Icelandic poppy
Passiflora caerulea blue passionflower
Passiflora incarnata maypop
Pelargonium x hortorum garden geranium
Pennisetum macrostachyum fountain grass
Pennisetum setaceum African fountain grass
Pentas lanceolata pentas
Peperomia obtusifolia blunt-leaved peperomia
Perovskia atriplicifolia Russian sage
Petunia x hybrida petunias
Phaius tankervilliae nun orchid
Phaseolus coccineus runner bean
Phaseolus lunatus butterbean
Philodendron bipinnatifidum cut-leaf philodendron
Phlomis fruticosa Jerusalem sage
Phlox paniculata garden phlox
Phlox subulata Phlox subulata
Phoradendron leucarpum American mistletoe
Physostegia virginiana obedient plant
Phytolacca americana pokeweed
Platycerium spp. staghorn fern
Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple
Polymnia sonchifolia yacón
Polypodium polypodioides Resurrection fern
Polystichum polyblepharum Japanese tassel fern
Primula vulgaris primrose
Protasparagus densiflorus asparagus fern
Protasparagus setaceus common asparagus fern
Psophocarpus tetragonolobus winged bean
Pteridium aquilinum bracken
Pycnanthemum floridanum Florida mountainmint
Ranunculus ficaria lesser celandine
Rubus fruticosus blackberry
Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii orange coneflower
Rudbeckia hirta black-eyed Susan
Ruellia brittoniana Mexican petunia
Russelia equisetiformis firecracker plant
Ruta graveolens rue
Saintpaulia spp. African violet
Salvia lyrata lyreleaf sage
Salvia coccinea scarlet sage
Salvia elegans pineapple sage
Salvia farinacea mealycup sage
Salvia greggii autumn sage
Salvia guaranitica blue anise sage
Salvia 'Indigo Spires' Indigo Spires sage
Salvia leucantha Mexican bush sage
Salvia madrensis forsythia sage
Salvia mexicana Mexican sage
Salvia nemorosa wood sage
Salvia officinalis garden sage
Salvia splendens scarlet sage
Sanchezia speciosa sanchezia
Sanguisorba minor salad burnet
Sarracenia spp. eastern North American pitcherplants
Scabiosa columbaria Butterfly Blue
Scaevola aemula scaevola
Schizachyrium scoparium little bluestem
Schoenoplectus californicus California bulrush
Sechium edule chayote
Sedum spectabile showy sedum
Sisyrinchium angustifolium blue-eyed grass
Solanum melongena eggplant
Solidago odora common goldenrod
Sorghastrum nutans indiangrass
Spathiphyllum cultivars peace lily
Spigelia marilandica Indian pink
Sprekelia formosissima Aztec lily
Stachys byzantina lamb's ear
Stapelia spp. carrion flower
Stevia rebaudiana stevia
Stokesia laevis Stokes' aster
Strelitzia reginae bird-of-paradise
Strobilanthes dyerianus Persian shield
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae New England aster
Symphyotrichum oblongifolium aromatic aster
Symphytum officinale comfrey
Tagetes lemmonii mountain marigold
Tagetes lucida Mexican tarragon
Taraxacum officinale dandelion
Tecoma stans yellow elder
Thunbergia alata black-eyed susan vine
Thunbergia battiscombei scrambling sky flower
Thunbergia grandiflora Bengal clock vine
Thymus vulgaris thyme
Tillandsia recurvata ball moss
Tillandsia usneoides Spanish moss
Tithonia diversifolia Bolivian sunflower
Toxicodendron radicans poison-ivy
Trachelospermum jasminoides Confederate jasmine
Tradescantia fluminensis green wandering Jew
Tradescantia pallida purple heart
Tradescantia spathacea oysterplant
Tradescantia zebrina wandering Jew
Tradescantia Andersoniana Group spiderwort
Trillium underwoodii purple toadshade
Tulbaghia violacea society garlic
Tulipa spp. tulip
Typha latifolia cattail
Uniola paniculata sea oats
Verbena bonariensis purpletop verbena
Verbena X hybrida garden verbena
Veronica spicata spike speedwell
Veronicastrum virginicum culver's root
Vinca major large periwinkle
Vinca minor common periwinkle
Viola sororia violet
Viola x Wittrockiana pansy
Vitis rotundifolia muscadine
Yucca aloifolia Spanish bayonet
Yucca elephantipes spineless yucca
Yucca filamentosa Adam's needle
Yucca gloriosa Spanish dagger
Zamia furfuracea Cardboard palm
Zamia pumila coontie
Zantedeschia aethiopica calla lily
Zephyranthes atamasca atamasco lily
Zephyranthes grandiflora rain lily
Zingiber officinale ginger
Zingiber zerumbet pinecone ginger






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