Floridata Plant Encyclopedia

A Floridata Plant Profile 918 Spiraea thunbergii

Common Names: baby's breath spirea, Thunberg spirea Family: Rosaceae (rose Family)
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baby's breath spirea
A planting of baby's breath spirea 'Fujino Pink' in bloom at Cincinnati's Spring Grove Cemetery and Arboretum.

Description

Baby's breath spirea is a graceful and wispy little shrub with a very fine texture - even by spirea standards. The slender wiry branches arch outward and nod downward, forming a twiggy, multistemmed mound 5-6ft (1.5-1.8 m) tall and about as wide. The semi-deciduous pale green leaves are thin and wispy, too; they are almost linear, a little more than 1 in (2.5 cm) long and 1/4 in (0.6 cm) wide, with a few coarse teeth along the margins. The dainty pure white five-petaled flowers are borne singly or in clusters of two or three along the stems. They are about a 1/3 in (0.8 cm) across and appear before the new leaves in late winter or early spring, often covering the whole shrub.

baby's breath spirea buds
Although the flowers of baby's breath spirea 'Fujino Pink' are white, the buds are a deep rosy pink imparting an overall pinkish pallor.

Location

Baby's breath spirea, Spiraea thunbergii, is native to China and Japan. It is a popular landscape shrub in Japan and the southeastern U.S.


Culture

Baby's breath spirea blooms on the previous season's growth, so do any pruning immediately after flowering, before next year's flower buds develop. Remove old, nonproductive stems at ground level to stimulate vigorous new growth and to keep the plant from becoming too leggy and open. Never shear a spirea across the top. Cut out dead stem tips anytime of year. Light: Baby's breath spirea performs best in full sun, but does quite well in partial shade, especially in warmer climates. Moisture: Baby's breath spirea likes a well drained soil and has ordinary water requirements. It tolerates summertime dry spells well. Hardiness: USDA Zones 4 - 8. Baby's breath spirea is an extremely hardy little shrub and one that may not lose its leaves in mild winters. This spirea blooms most profusely in cooler climates, usually flowering all at once in a splendid profusion of white blossoms. In the South, baby's breath spirea tends to start blooming sporadically in January or February and the flowering season is more spread out. Propagation: Spireas are easily propagated from cuttings of green tip shoots taken in late spring and summer and rooted with bottom heat in a closed container; or from mature wood cuttings taken in autumn and rooted in a cold frame. Baby's breath spirea also can be propagated by dividing the root clump.
bady's breath spirea
Spires of snowy baby's breath spirea spill into a blue spring sky.

Usage

Baby's breath spirea is a long lived little shrub with a very fine texture in the landscape. It forms a beautiful mound of gracefully arching stems covered, in late winter or early spring, with tiny snow white flowers. In the summer, the pale, almost yellowish green foliage contrasts nicely with that of darker green shrubs. Any of the spireas are excellent in mixed shrub borders. Baby's breath spirea is at its best as a specimen shrub alone or in a small group.

Features

The genus is spelled Spiraea, but the common name drops an a and is spelled spirea. There are some 90 species of spireas occurring naturally in Europe, North America and Asia. Baby's breath spirea is the earliest flowering of the spireas. Other members of the genus profiled by Floridata include Reeve's spirea (S. cantoniensis) which blooms in late spring and Japanese spirea (S. japonica), a very hardy species that blooms in early summer.

Steve Christman 3/11/01; updated 4/7/03, 12/26/03



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Spiraea species profiled on Floridata:


Spiraea cantoniensis

( Reeves' spirea, double bridal wreath, double Reeves )

Spiraea japonica

( Japanese spirea, Japanese meadowsweet, maybush )

Spiraea prunifolia

( bridal wreath spirea, popcorn, shoe button spirea )

Spiraea thunbergii

( baby's breath spirea, Thunberg spirea )

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