Floridata Plant Encyclopedia

A Floridata Plant Profile 155 Coccoloba uvifera

Common Names: sea grape Family: Polygonaceae (buckwheat Family)

seagrape
The mature sea grape graces a beach on Key Biscayne, Florida.

Description

On sand dunes and beaches, seagrape usually grows as a diffuse, sprawling shrub with stout branches and rarely a distinct trunk. However, away from the constant salt and sand spray it can grow into a handsome vase-shaped tree up to 50 ft (15.2 m) tall. The shiny, evergreen leaves are leathery, rounded with heart-shaped bases. The bright green leaves are often veined in red and are about 8 in (20.3 cm) in diameter. The fragrant white flowers are very small and borne on 6-10 in (15.2-25.4 cm) spikes. Female trees bear reddish fruits that are about 3/4 in (1.9 cm) in diameter, pear-shaped and fleshy with a hard "stone." They hang down in grape-like clusters and attract birds and children.

seagrapes

Location

Seagrape is a tropical plant, native to coastal hammocks, coastal scrub, coastal grasslands and beach strands from Argentina north throughout the West Indies and the Florida Keys to Pinellas County on the Gulf Coast and southern Volusia County on the Atlantic Coast of Florida. It does not reach tree stature at the northern limits of its range.

Culture

Light: Partial shade to full sun Moisture: Drought tolerant, but water frequently until established. Hardiness: USDA Zones 10 - 11. Propagation: By seed or ground-layering.

Usage

Seagrape is used in hedges and as a street tree in coastal cities throughout the tropics. It is one of the most commonly used native plants in South Florida landscaping. Seagrape is highly tolerant of salt spray and salty soils as well as strong sun and wind. It is often planted as a windbreak near beaches and as a hedge or barrier around shopping centers and parking lots. Seagrape makes a fine shade tree in town and provides that "tropical look near the sea."

seagrape
The broad, brilliantly veined pingpong paddle leaves of the seagrape give it a uniquely decorative presence at the beach and beyond.

Features

The fruits are edible raw and are made into "seaside jelly" or wine. In the West Indies, they boil the wood to yield a red dye. Wood from larger trees is prized for cabinet work. A gum from the bark is used for throat ailments, and the roots are used to treat dysentery.

Steve Christman 08/26/99; updated 11/07/00, 1/12/04



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Coccoloba species profiled on Floridata:


Coccoloba uvifera

( sea grape )

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