Floridata Plant Encyclopedia

A Floridata Plant Profile 39 Echinacea purpurea

Common Names: purple coneflower Family: Asteraceae (aster/daisy Family)
Image Gallery

purple coneflower
A butterfly's eye view of a purple coneflower.
White Swan purple coneflower
>This popular white purple coneflower cultivar is 'White Swan'

Description

Purple coneflower is a showy, clump forming herbaceous perennial that dies to the ground in winter and sprouts back in spring. Established clumps can be up to 3 ft (0.6 m) in diameter and just as tall. The dark green leaves are coarse and sandpapery, usually lance shaped, and 3-8 in (7.6-20.3 cm) long. The daisylike flower heads, up to 3 in (7.5 cm) across, are very attractive with rose purple rays and large, cone-shaped purple brown centers. Several cultivars are available to the gardener, including some with white ray flowers.

Location

Native to North America, from Ohio to Iowa and south to Louisiana and Georgia, where it was a part of the original prairie community.


Culture

In some areas, Japanese beetles can be a problem; otherwise diseases and pests are nonexistent. Light: Does best in full sun, but will tolerate partial sun. Moisture: Drought tolerant. Hardiness: USDA Zones 3 - 9. Propagation: By seeds or division of roots.

Usage

Use in beds, mixed borders, or in the native wildflower patch. The long lasting flowers, borne on long, stiff stems, are perfect in cut flower arrangements and well suited for drying.

a clump of coneflowers
A clump of the undemanding and rugged purple coneflower provides an attractive display all summer long.

Features

Taken orally, extracts from purple coneflower roots and leaves are reported to stimulate the immune system and increase resistance to infections. Native Americans used echinacea for many medicinal purposes. In Europe today, more than 200 pharmaceutical products are made from the extracts. Butterflies sip nectar from purple coneflowers all summer long.

Steve Christman 08/18/97; updated 9/19/03, 7/9/04, 6/9/11



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Echinacea species profiled on Floridata:


Echinacea purpurea

( purple coneflower )

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